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Electric vs. Hybrid

Between the fuel engine and the electric engine we found the hybrid. If we move towards the electric we found the plug-in hybrid vehicles and the electric vehicles with extended autonomy range. The plug-in hybrid vehicles can function without fuel due to its electric batteries. When it runs out of batteries or when the vehicles needs more power, it automatically changes to fuel engine. In the other hand, with the extended autonomy range vehicles its fuel engine plays a secondary role. It is only used to recharge the electric batteries and gain a better autonomy range. In this case is only electric drive.

The total hybrid is fuel dependent because it can’t function without it. While the plug-in hybrid and the electric vehicles with extended autonomy range can function without fuel for short distances. The plug-in and the total electric vehicles are more energy efficient; because when they are using electric energy have a high performance. Also the electricity is much cheaper than the fuel.

Sales of hybrid and electric vehicles in Spain

Summing all sectors, cars and industrial, and all technologies, electric, hybrid and electric plug extended range, the total enrolment of 2015 is 2.839. We have 1,000 units more than last year (1,825). If we add to this figure electric quadricycle the total is 3,103. (Data from movilidadelectrica.com).

Ranking sales of electric vehicles and plug-in hybrids in 2015

# Brand Model Total
1 SMART FORTWO ED 388
2 MITSUBISHI OUTLANDER PHEV 332
3 NISSAN LEAF 327
4 RENAULT ZOE 277
5 NISSAN e-NV200 207
6 RENAULT KANGOO ZE 191
7 BMW i3 120
8 BMW i3 REX 101
9 AUDI A3 SPORTBACK 101
10 KIA SOUL EV 82
11 VOLKSWAGEN GOLF GTE 74
12 PIAGGIO PORTER 59
13 PORSCHE CAYENNE 59
14 BMW i8 36
15 VOLKSWAGEN e-GOLF 21
16 PORSCHE PANAMERA S HYBRID 18
17 VOLKSWAGEN e-UP 14
18 MERCEDES CLASE B ED 14
19 MERCEDES S500 PLUG-IN 14
20 PEUGEOT PARTNER ELECTRIC 13
21 BMW X5 xDRIVE4Oe 12
22 VOLVO V60 PLUG-IN 9
23 TESLA MODEL S 9
24 CITROËN C-ZERO 8
25 TOYOTA PRIUS PLUG-IN 7
26 MERCEDES CLASE C350e 4
27 PORSCHE 918 SPYDER 3
28 BYD E6 2
29 CITROËN BERLINGO ELECTRIC 2
30 PEUGEOT iON 2
31 MITSUBISHI i-MIEV 1
32 VOLKSWAGEN XL1 1
33 FORD FOCUS 1
34 RENAULT FLUENCE ZE 0
35 OPEL AMPERA 0
36 CHEVROLET VOLT 0
Type Total
Industrial and commercial 615
Renault Twizy 148
Others 84